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Understanding the Common Core Foundational Skills

The Common Core Foundational Skills are—quite literally—the “foundation” upon which all reading success is built and include:

  • Phonological Awareness
  • Phonics
  • Word Recognition
  • Fluency

Phonological awareness is the ability to hear, identify and use individual sounds—phonemes—in spoken words. Phonological awareness improves children’s word recognition.

Kid Scoop develops phonological awareness through using letters of the alphabet in activities such as:

  • blending phonemes to form words
  • counting, pronouncing, and segmenting syllables
  • recognizing and producing rhyming words

Teachers can use Kid Scoop to present individual letters and their sounds or as a resource to create word games inspired by the weekly theme. Students can explore the words on the page to identify chunks of sounds—or sort words into categories based on sound. With Kid Scoop there is no need to prepare copies—each copy is a consumable resource that can be cut up or written on—providing the perfect source for interactive instruction.

Phonics helps children learn the relationships between the letters of written language and the sounds of spoken language. A strong foundation in phonics leads to an understanding of the alphabetic principle—the predictable relationships between written letters and spoken sounds.

Kid Scoop provides opportunities for children to apply their learning about letters and sounds to the reading of words, sentences and short passages. This supports word recognition and improves spelling.

Teachers can use Kid Scoop stories to practice decoding skills or any number of phonics lessons on sound matching, identifying digraphs, forming plurals, and reading base words and affixes.

Word recognition refers to the ability to recognize written words—especially high frequency words—correctly and effortlessly, and is tightly linked to fluency and comprehension.

Kid Scoop helps develop word recognition skills indirectly when students engage in oral discussion using words included in each issue and directly when teachers explicitly present individual words included with weekly themes. Double Double Word Searches, newspaper activities, word games and puzzles all provide practice in word recognition.

Fluency is the ability to read text accurately and quickly. Fluency moves students from decoding to understanding what they read and is essential for high levels of reading comprehension.

Using Kid Scoop, teachers model fluent reading for students and have students participate in silent reading, oral reading independently, in pairs, or in small groups. Through high interest stories and engaging expository passages, Kid Scoop motivates students to set goals for improved reading fluency.